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Possessive Adjectives in French

Grammar Dec 30, 2022

What are possessive adjectives?

Possessive adjectives are words used to express possession or ownership.

A possessive adjective modifies a noun by showing to whom or to what something belongs.


This is my book

That is our house

In the first sentence, the word my is a possessive adjectives that shows I am the owner of the said book.

French possessive adjectives

For English possessive adjectives my, your, his, her, its, our, and their, French has 15 equivalents, depending on the gender and number of the noun they modify.

Before we look at French possessive adjectives in detail, let's see some of their characteristics.

Characteristics of French possessive adjectives

  1. They agree with the noun they describe and not with the person describing or possessing them.


    Bonjour. Je m'appelle Marie. Mon père est Avocat, ma mère est chanteuse et mes frères sont médecins.

    Hi. My name is Marie. My father is a lawyer, my mother is a singer and my brothers are doctors.

    In this example, to talk about her father, Marie used the possessive adjective mon (Mon père), because mon agrees with the word father, which is both masculine and singular.

    To talk about her mother, she used the possessive adjective ma (ma mère), because ma agrees with the word mother, which is both feminine and singular.

    To talk about her brothers, Marie uses the possessive adjective mes (mes frères) because mes agrees with the word frères, which is both masculine and plural.

  2. They come before the noun they describe.


    C'est sa voiture. It's his car

    Elles sont nos soeurs. They are our sisters.

French possessive adjectives are as follows

masculine singular meaning
Mon My
Son. His/her/its
Notre. Our
Votre. Your
Leur. Their


Mon frère et moi My brother and I.
Il est notre voisin He is our neighbor.

feminine singular meaning
Ma (Mon) my
Ta (ton) your
Sa (son) his/her/its
Notre. Our
Votre. Your
Leur. Their


Ma mère. My mother

Mon, ton, son are used in front of a feminine noun that begins with a vowel or a silent h.


Elle est mon amie

Masculine/feminine plural meaning
Mes my
Tes your
Ses his/her
Nos our
Vos your
Leurs their


Notre amie. Our friend

Nos amies. Our friends



I write about English and French, how to apply them professionally and in social encounters.